Talking About Politics: LEFT WING & RIGHT WING


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Published: 1 year ago
You may have been following the political debates in the news these days, and maybe some of it didn't make much sense to you. Politics is often a difficult topic to talk about because people have very different ideas of what is good and bad, and many terms are misunderstood or misused. In this lesson, I will make sense of political vocabulary, so that you can start understanding the news, and have conversations that make sense. In particular, I will focus on the tems "left wing" and "right wing". You'll hear these often, and it's important that you understand where these terms come from and what they mean exactly. No matter what you believe, it's not as simple as good and evil! Beware: not everyone will agree with you, so keep an open mind and discuss your ideas politely. Politics can be fun and interesting if you keep this in mind!

Next, watch these other lessons on political vocabulary in English:
Talking about Politics in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2jBsmGKwLs
Political Vocabulary and Expressions in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1NIcll5RErg

Take the quiz on this lesson here! http://www.engvid.com/talking-about-politics-left-wing-right-wing/

TRANSCRIPT

I left my heart in San Francis-... Hi. James from engVid. I'd like to do a lesson today with you on politics. I know, you're used to grammar and vocabulary, but it's always good to expand your horizons, that means your learning abilities and look at things that you may not need today but you will need in the future, especially when you have, you know, educated conversations. In your own languages you often speak about religion, politics, sexual relations, and in this lesson what I want to teach you is a way to understand English terms, what they mean to us when we hear them and what we're trying to tell you when we're saying them. That way you can get into political conversations, and that doesn't mean, you know, who's right, who's wrong, but be able to explain where you're from, what it's like, and where we're from and maybe understand each other a little better. Are you ready? Let's go to the board.

I said I left my heart in San Francisco. There's a reason for it. Notice E says: "I'm a lefty." Quick story for you so you understand. A long time ago back in England there were two houses. There's the queen, I'm sure you probably know that England has a queen, and they let the common people vote and there would be one side where the people with title, or princes, and counts, and dukes would sit; another side where the common people would sit. I'm wondering if you can figure out which side which sat. Blah, blah, blah, blah. Yeah, I know, difficult. Let me explain. So if you were the king or queen you sat in the middle, and you'd have your nobles, that's your knights, your kings, your dukes, your princes, barons; on the other side the common people. Well, I'll let you know. This is my right side. On the right side the barons, and the kings, and the dukes would sit; on the left side would be the common people. After a while what happened was people started referring to people on politics as right and left. Why? Because on the right side, the nobles, the kings, the princes, they wanted things to stay the same. They liked what they had, they didn't want to have anything to change. Of course, the common people who are on the left side, they were the ones who had money and they were paying for things and not really seeing things change, and they were like: "Hey, if we're paying, we should get to change things." So this became known as "left wing" and "right wing" because it was in the house of politics where the king would sit, there was a left side and a right side. Today's lesson is going to explain to you what that old way of thinking has changed into in the modern day, and where we sit now. You ready? Let's go to the board.

Okay. You see this thing here? It's called a pendulum. A pendulum is basically you can have a string with a rock, and once you move it, it goes back and forward, back and forward, and swings. Politics, which is the business of people being together, "polis" meaning people. That's what it means. Politics. The people choose, and often sometimes they change in the way they look at things. Center is when the pendulum isn't moving. Center. And as you can think, it's probably a nice place to be. But there's more movement or activity when the pendulum goes up to the right or up to the left. That's when we see a lot of changes. And it's good to understand what terms are used and how they affect us.

So let's start with... Well, let's start with the left, the common people. All right? Most of you would know the extreme version if you've heard of it... Or let's go here first. When we talk about left, we talk about all for one and one for all. If you're French, it's the three musketeers. One for one and one for all.


comment  Comments

right wing politics discord = https://discord.gg/VcQbHnm

1 day ago

Am I the only one from family guy rush lumbar

1 week ago

Stiff with pompous self-regard, the left seems to thrive on traitorous criminality. First in the person of that absurd mulatto so-called president, then in the clearly thieving
Clinton, and in this perpetually prevaricating Comey individual. Do ANY of them perceive the difference between right and wrong?

2 weeks ago

"I... AM the SENATE."

3 weeks ago

You are the BEST! <3

3 weeks ago

Thank you for the lesson! Loved it!

3 weeks ago

One thing you got wrong there, fascism is left, not right. I don't care what anyone says because less government is the core of conservatism. The left calls us fascists, when we're trying to advocate for less government. Hmm, makes sense. Just know the left and right spectrum isn't accurate in terms of other factors. That's why the Nolan Chart or the Authoritarianism/Libertarian vs. Left/Right would've been better for this video.

1 month ago

7:34 ”let’s go to my favorite place” walking to the right

”canada”

he has tricks, people, do not believe this man!

1 month ago

Hi, please check out our channel as well! We created a new channel on language learning for academic and survival purposes and we plan to upload a video ONCE A Day for all our viewers! We look forward to you being a fellow subscriber :)
Susurrus Project

1 month ago

Socialism is just an economic system, which advocates that the means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned by the government, while Communism is a political systems, which advocates for government's authority over society's both economy and morales.

1 month ago

RIGHT WING - ECONOMIC FREEDOM/MORAL AUTHORITY.
LEFT WING - MORAL FREEDOM/ECONOMIC AUTHORITY.

1 month ago

Fascism (Spain 1939-1977)

1 month ago

James you are a great English teacher but don't talk about politics you know nothing

2 months ago

Greetings James, what a wonderful youtbe channel you have ! I am sure you know it, but allow me to correct you about Polis meaning. You said it means people, actually it means city, so people that they leave in a city !

2 months ago

thanks a lot a very helpful lesson

3 months ago

Very informative. Thank you.

3 months ago

I'm such a struggle of being in the centre-left.

3 months ago

I like how the tape worm drawing is a lefty.

3 months ago

who else thought it was football wings?

4 months ago

...... If the farther left you go the more government control, regulations and emphasis on individual freedoms exist, and the farther right you go the less government control, regulations and individual restrictions exist, how in the world is the extreme of the right not libertarianism or anarchy? It's interesting you did not mention libertarianism, classic liberalism or anarchy. You only illustrate fascism as an extreme example of the US right, which is extremely different from US conservatism. You are missing a lot from the US right-wing picture.

5 months ago

The terms left and right originate from 18th century France and were not used in British politics until the 20th century. Also Queen Elizabeth II is not just the Queen of England.

5 months ago

Great teacher.

5 months ago

I wish you were my lecturer. :/

5 months ago

Gabrielė Čiuželytė I wish you were naked in my room :/

5 months ago

Nteresting facut about fascism ,was by a commi/a red.(edit ) When one thing belongs to everybody, it belongs to no one.When I think it belongs to no one is take by just one who is no worthy.

5 months ago

This Nation was founded outside of left/right. It was about liberty vs Tyrranny. With a compromise between Anarchy and totalitarianism. Left and right are gimmicks for power attainment. in the end once power I s given it is gone unless you take it back. BTW Canada has gone Socialist in the last decade. Canada is screwed. The U.S. is now trying to claw itself out of the Socialist grave. Desperately.Without being too harsh, Your understanding of the motivations for conservatism are off. Many poor Americans are conservative and here's why: They utterly distrust government more than they want free stuff. They have moral character. Our founders above all else considered government to be a beast that must be chained and constrained. Because corruption is inherent in all government.

6 months ago

'Polis' does not mean 'people' instead means city or even City State.

6 months ago

Great Video. I Usually don't comment from this account, but you really are a great teacher :D

6 months ago

cuba, venezuela, vietnam and in parts china are socialist nations, france is not although it is very central governed. Your explanation of communism and socialism lacks too, u didn't say anything about that communism is an extreme left wing policy where barely no own property is allowed. The russian revolution caused 5mio. deaths and starvation afterwards + stalin millions of deauths, gulags mao in china "culthre revolution" also starvation and even more deaths, but "it didnt work out so well". I won't go any deeper into this demagoguery. I really don't want to be rude but it seems that ur main audience are kindergarden kids or people that are even to lazy or stupid to reach more than the first five sentences on wikipedia. Please look up some basic facts before you make videos again.

7 months ago

This is plain wrong. The term left/right came from FRANCE during the REVOLUTION

7 months ago

inaccurate history, biased views and very patronising

7 months ago

This is bullshit, Canada is far left now.

7 months ago

It is British English, right?

7 months ago

You are a great Teacher but have no idea about socialism and capitalism

7 months ago

James, you have great presentation skills, but some of the points you make caused me concern. A common mistake made by most people is to try to over simplify "Ideology" and fit all of the different ideologies into a "Left/Moderate/Right" model.
* Although the origin of "Right/Left Wing" comes from the French revolution and dealt with the Liberal revolutionist verses those who supported hierarchy, tradition, and clericalism - That origin does NOT apply to today's American "Left Wing" & "Right Wing" ideologies.
* Staying focused on our American situation, Left-Wing core truth is based upon EQUALITY. Right-Wing Core Truth is based upon the NATURAL RIGHTS OF MAN, or PERSONAL LIBERTY, or the RIGHTS OF THE INDIVIDUAL. I liked what you were saying in general about those concepts in your presentation.
* You got really off track and contradicted yourself when you had just got done explaining Individualism and Capitalism & then stated that Fascism was at the extreme right. Fascism is its own ideology that does not fit into American Right Wing (Individualist) or American Left Wing (global equality) ideology. Fascism is a - "Nation" First & "Individual" Last - ideology where the purpose of people and resources (even the economy), is to promote and strengthen the Nation. This is opposed to the "...make America Great..." theme which is about maintaining an environment where the individual can pursue their dreams through hard work and determination.

I hope you consider remaking this video so that it will be more accurate in the message it is portraying.

7 months ago

I think I understand what you are saying and I agree. We should be looking at the matter at hand as opposed to trying to over simplify the world by trying to make it fit into the square hole we want it too.

Adding more to my above statement, the "Alt-Right" of the Right Wing is Libertarianism. They believe in "Equal Freedom for Everyone" to be able to do whatever they want as individuals without any government oversight. This ideology is a far cry from the Supremacist group Ideology that the left tries to pin as "Alt-Right".

4 months ago

I think the left/right assumptions by (US) americans is the wrongest form, therefore should be rather criticized than
taken as a reference.

6 months ago

Wow wasn't expecting star wars as an example. That was awesome.

8 months ago

Aren't communism and fascism BOTH collectivistic and anti-individual?

8 months ago

Adrian1918 yeah Indeed,

6 months ago

I'm from Venezuela... Thank a lot....

8 months ago

Right wing are basically backward racists who hate muslims, gays, brown people, women. Leftwing are progressive people who are tolerant of all people. becuase we are all the same. There is no better or worse culture.

8 months ago

Race has nothing to do with political ideologies. Instead of saying the right hates brown people we can say that racists hate brown people.

2 months ago

fantastic

9 months ago

Fascism is against the individual you idiot.

9 months ago

Loop

9 months ago

dude so much wrong in this video socialism is worker control of the means of production.
communism is when there is no state, no class, no money under a system of common ownership.
on the right wing side you forgot to add theocrats and laissez faire capitalists(neoclassical liberals).

Also your simplification of the broad rightwing thing is not just individualism because rightism is based on tradition and social order (hierarchies/social classes).

9 months ago

Although it was stated near the start of this video that the meaning of terms changes over time, this talk does not distinguish clearly enough between the original meaning of terms and the meanings people today have learnt for these terms from the Western main stream media. Also, the attempt at a French accent for the musketeers, speaking in English with a German accent, was appalling!

9 months ago

The Canadian political concept's it's a little bit diferent of those i learned at school, so that video actually was useful. Thank you.

9 months ago

''USSR,we now call It Russia'' - yeah,right...

9 months ago

he got his toys mixed up, should go back to playing with them until he figures it out.
though the sarlac as a gulag kinda makes sense.

10 months ago

of all the YouTube video attempting to explain left and right , this is the one that is most informative

10 months ago

that s simple
Left wing = chaos , beta males
Righ wing = order , alpha males

11 months ago

Oh, yeah sure.
You read BreitbartNews or what ?
I live in EU, I see stuff. Most of the crimes here are commited by white males in their twenties/middle-aged. Canada is considered to be one of the safest countries out there and I've never heard such nonsense as government justifying rape of little children.
Wether it's muslim, black, gipsy, white, woman, people are judged all the same here. Only riot I've actually seen has been one of those 'No Islam In EU'. Again: Mostly white males in their mid-age.

And BTW, it's true. The Leftist ideology is based of 'Government controlling everything'- 'Order'. While Rightists are for small government and absolute freedom- 'Chaos'.

10 months ago

ahahahw hat ? look at the mess they did in US Europe Australia and Canada full of immigrants and invaders, crime everywhere and riots against the State , all because of leftist politicians who allow everything they even allow the rape of their daughters just because they are the scum of the humanity , look instead the law under Hitler or Mussolini , you are a perpetrator ? you re dead , no excuse .

10 months ago

Leonidas
Actually
Left: Order, beta males
Right: Chaos, alpha males

10 months ago

Instead of fascism, it should be anarchy.
Fascism belongs on the extreme left with communism.

11 months ago

Kevin Boudreau
Fascism is actually a mix of both. There's the Leftist government but it's based on a Rightist ideology- the domination and superiority of One country/race/people.
(sfmbe)

10 months ago

Youth educated and trained in Cuba,, Sir you are spot on in your examples of private and communal life. I loved to listen to your analogy. Awesome excellent dude. I still want to have government see people as a collective soul and not have barriers.

11 months ago