Berlin After World War 2 | Berlin Before the Wall | Documentary | 1961


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This film (originally titled as ‘Journey Across Berlin’) is a 1961 documentary produced by the United States Information Agency (USIA) about the capital city of Germany, Berlin after World War 2. It documents the West's position on defense of Berlin against the Soviets. Beginning with the destruction and economic breakdown of the city at end of the war, the film presents significant historical events from an American perspective, such as establishment of occupation zones, Berlin blockade and airlift in 1948–49, uprising of 1953 in East Germany, elections in free Berlin and the West's determined actions to maintain the freedom of West Berlin. The film was completed a few months before the construction of the Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer), a barrier that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.


HISTORICAL BACKGROUND / CONTEXT

As World War 2 came to an end in 1945, a pair of Allied peace conferences at Yalta and Potsdam determined the fate of Germany’s territories. They split the defeated nation into four “allied occupation zones”: The eastern part of the country went to the Soviet Union, while the western part went to the United States, Great Britain and France.

Even though Berlin was located entirely within the Soviet part of the country, the Yalta and Potsdam agreements split the city into similar sectors. The Soviets took the eastern half, while the other Allies took the western. This four-way occupation of Berlin began in June 1945.

Blockade and crisis:
The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, “stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat,” as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it. The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. In 1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city. Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949.

After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets – emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers) – blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted. Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution. Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. In June 1961, some 19,000 people left the East Germany through Berlin. The following month, 30,000 fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16,000 East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2,400 followed – the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.

The Berlin Wall:
That night, Premier Khrushchev gave the East German government permission to stop the flow of emigrants by closing its border for good. In just two weeks, the East German army, police force and volunteer construction workers had completed a makeshift barbed wire and concrete block wall – the Berlin Wall – that divided one side of the city from the other.

Before the wall was built, Berliners on both sides of the city could move around fairly freely: They crossed the East-West border to work, to shop, to go to the theater and the movies. Trains and subway lines carried passengers back and forth. After the wall was built, it became impossible to get from East to West Berlin except through one of three checkpoints: at Helmstedt (“Checkpoint Alpha” in American military parlance), at Dreilinden (“Checkpoint Bravo”) and in the center of Berlin at Friedrichstrasse (“Checkpoint Charlie”). At each of the checkpoints, East German soldiers screened diplomats and other officials before they were allowed to enter or leave. Except under special circumstances, travelers from East and West Berlin were rarely allowed across the border.


Berlin After World War 2 | Berlin Before the Wall | Documentary | 1961

TBFA_0106


NOTE: THE VIDEO DOCUMENTS HISTORICAL EVENTS. SINCE IT WAS PRODUCED DECADES AGO, IT HAS HISTORICAL VALUES AND CAN BE CONSIDERED AS A VALUABLE HISTORICAL DOCUMENT. THE VIDEO HAS BEEN UPLOADED WITH EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. ITS TOPIC IS REPRESENTED WITHIN HISTORICAL CONTEXT. THE VIDEO DOES NOT CONTAIN SENSITIVE SCENES AT ALL!


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2 weeks ago

Calling this a documentary is really an overstatement. More like propaganda film.

1 month ago

Fuck german fuck soviet fuck all nation who joined ww2. They all common human and have one thought. DOMINATION

4 months ago

My great grandparents came from Germany. Today, sadly it is over run by rapists and thugs that call themselves Refugees.

5 months ago

Maude Mathilde H Yep. Not just Germany, but also Sweden and Britain. It's a damn shame that the leaders in these countries have such disregard for its own people. Sad!

5 months ago

The university of BERLIN was considered the best in the world prior to WW1

5 months ago

Walter Ulbrecht.........Sowietsche puppet and secret Jew Boy

5 months ago

just another jesuit war, the jesuit bankers made a killing and the jesuits fulfilled their goals ... all warfare is based on deception

5 months ago

Plus con tu meures!

5 months ago

15:58 What happend to the "Quadriga" atop of Brandenburg Tor ??? I always tough it had never been retired.........

5 months ago

We've had Germany tamed for 72 years so far but I wonder if they will ever rise against us again? I was in the U.S. Army for 18 years and I've seen many soldiers from many different countries and I've always thought that German soldiers were the best troops in the world, even better than our own. They are the most squared away soldiers that you will EVER set your eyes on and they have a lot of equipment that is more superior than ours. They are also very fierce warriors. Anyone that has ever seen German soldiers knows exactly what I'm talking about.

6 months ago

Propaganda

6 months ago

"The Commies were scum! Oh but the Allies were perfect and did all they could to help!" It's amazing how a single propaganda video can change so many peoples' minds so quickly.

6 months ago

There is only peace through strength. Communism is a shithole

6 months ago

America the leader of the free world

6 months ago

Propaganda

6 months ago

I really hate this fucking American narrator and I'm American myself. He needs to shut his ass up. He sounds just happy to watch Berlin suffer at a bird eye's view, getting free trips to Europe to document this shitty video. I learned nothing from here.

6 months ago

Oh yeah boy- classic cold war propaganda
Like

6 months ago

Allies "All lies"

6 months ago

You're Austrian I reckon..?

6 months ago

If US was not involved Russia would of had their ass's handed to them on a shit platter.

7 months ago

All the globalist supporters should watch this and see what’s in store if things don’t change

7 months ago

now we have merkel inviting all the worlds scum into Germany, she is worse than stalin

7 months ago

Germany is socialism again. Once again, going down the road to ruin. Merkel is a communist. Merkel was a member of the communist party when was was living in the east. Since WWII, Europe has had the longest period of peace in history. The Communists did not go away when the wall came down. They moved into Europe and USA in larger and larger numbers. They have taken over the schools, Government and public square.

7 months ago

Competition is the only way to lower costs and make it more affordable. Socialism does just the opposite.

5 months ago

grabirO1- america DOES have the best healthcare system...IF YOU CAN AFFORD IT !

5 months ago

Oui et Alors!

5 months ago

You have no idea WTH you are talking about. For starters, Germany has no Military to speak of. USA pays for their Protection which allows Germany to Plow their swords into welfare checks. Germany is not a Bankrupt as other European countries is by no means in good shape.. Not at all. Without USA support, they would have collapsed many times as they have done in the past under socialism. Being that my Wife and family are German, I know all to well their Health Care system which was brought out and formed out of war and Socialized because they as did England had no other choice as their countries were Destroyed !! England and Germany look as USA and when they see Americans expressing desire for Socialize health care think those Americans are crazy !! I also lived in Germany for many years and witness to Germany health care and it does not compare to America.. America has the best health care on the Planet PERIOD !! But has been degraded in the past 20 years or so by our government. As for everybody would like to be a part of this Socialism? You are insane !! That is a lie !! Socialism like Communism has failed everywhere in the world it has been tried.. Everywhere !! No exceptions !! It always fails because it is intrinsic which can never ever be changed ! You really need to get cracking. You have no idea WTH you are talking about.. Axiomatic !!

5 months ago

what a foolish comment. ask yourselfe why germany is one of the richest country in the world and everybody would like to be a member of this socialism with a perfect healthcare, human rights, a normal political leader, without a wall on the mexican border, plenty of jobs etc etc.

5 months ago

i'm hard pressed to see a difference between the nazis and the commies.

7 months ago

german and japanese automobiles did what their armies could not, complete and total invasion and conquest of the united states.

7 months ago

The Russians looked pretty damned healthy. I will bet the captured Germans by the Russians did not get the same good treatment.

8 months ago

And yet despite WW2 , Germany today is far better than Russia and Britain.

8 months ago

I dont fucking care. Its part of humanity right ??

9 months ago

Silly movie about after the war. More importantly to understand what happened in the decade leading up to the second world war, something never really mentioned. For a great documentary covering this see on youtube "The Greatest Story NEVER Told" many have watched it and now see the wrong enemy was defeated, and they have now heavily infiltrated the US Government.

9 months ago

Upon all people on earth Germans suffer the most

9 months ago

La pire des choses c'est la compassion!

5 months ago

lmao..USSR lost 27 million people.

7 months ago

I pity all the German women raped by Russians

9 months ago

what about holocaust murdering 6 million Jews and other hand USSR lost 27 million people. At that time German womans were partying and drinking in their home and supporting ruthless Hitler..

7 months ago

I have traveled to Germany, the Germans rebuilt the country and now it looks modern, the Germans are hard working people.

9 months ago

Germany and her people's only crime a quick recovery after WW I, being self-sufficient, and opening their country to a group of people who showed their appreciation by stabbing their host country in the back. "No goods deed goes unpunished."

7 months ago

Historically alot of this propaganda is Cold War bullshit! 🐂 💩
The USSR lost 27 million people defeating Nazism.
Sorry America but 72 years later we know your Freedom and Democracy is a crock of shit! 💩

9 months ago

Still the propaganda. The Soviets felt they had good reason to subvert what was their part of Berlin. You could rarely find a man in Soviet Russia that was born in 1923 because almost all of them were killed by the nazi troops. It doesn't make it right, but I can see why they did it.

10 months ago

god bless germany

10 months ago

ayoub ultrtraa- god help us all...

5 months ago

This must be before the Muslins came

10 months ago

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10 months ago

and then they rape German women girls and childrens...

10 months ago

what about holocaust murdering 6 million Jews and other hand USSR lost 27 million people. At that time German womans were partying and drinking in their home and supporting ruthless Hitler..

7 months ago

645 likes are black and jews alliance against white poeple.

10 months ago

fuck the Russians

10 months ago

USIS What? United States Islamic Service

10 months ago

comments should be disabled for every youtube video, simply because of the high volume of uneducated people that have the freedom to comment total nonsense.

10 months ago

If Archduke Ferdinand wasn' 't assasinated ,emagine what the world would've been like today.

10 months ago

Who is the narrator?

10 months ago

aitlee..cause austerity and rationing for the poor sucks

10 months ago

I was in east Berlin 1975 . Very depressing city . Terrible what the Russians did to the west Berliners after the war . Stalin was a cruel leader but That murderer is burning in hell now for all eternity along with his buddy hitler . The Germans are a strong and resilient race just to bad those scum Muslims are ruining that country now

10 months ago

Must have been lots of German women available for the service men.

10 months ago

To bad these same people didn't give the same freedoms to the countries they occupied & invaded!

10 months ago

Propaganda.

10 months ago

WW2 was just a gate to Hell While The coming one will be it Bridge, embrace the truth the end of humanity is coming.

10 months ago

So russia started the cold war by cancelling the agreement made

10 months ago

Communism is great in concept, it's just never been executed properly...

10 months ago